Category Archives: Uncategorized

2014 in review

Some filler while I think of blogging again.

The WordPress.com stats helper monkeys prepared a 2014 annual report for this blog.

Here’s an excerpt:

A San Francisco cable car holds 60 people. This blog was viewed about 3,100 times in 2014. If it were a cable car, it would take about 52 trips to carry that many people.

Click here to see the complete report.

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Filed under Uncategorized

2012 in review

The WordPress.com stats helper monkeys prepared a 2012 annual report for this blog.

Here’s an excerpt:

600 people reached the top of Mt. Everest in 2012. This blog got about 2,600 views in 2012. If every person who reached the top of Mt. Everest viewed this blog, it would have taken 4 years to get that many views.

Click here to see the complete report.

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5 Anime Series You Should Watch Part II

Since I don’t want to study yet, let us import another blog entry from the website that does not want the original author to export them. This was posted there on Nov 19, ’08 4:05 PM. This also serves as my first blog entry for the month of July.

By the way, part I is here.

So, here goes.

#== Start of document ==#

Finally, I’m able to release another part…

WHEW! Anime watching is really “life-threatening”, for it really sucks your time and makes you tardy. Well, anyway, here are other 5 anime series you should watch, together with my comments and insights on each.

Seems like we have a category today, for these series has one thing in common: romance.

So, here goes nothing…

1. The Melancholy of Haruhi Suzumiya
Author: Mizuno Makoto
Completed: No
No. of Episodes: Season 1 – 14; Season 2 – yet to be released

An anime with love as a central theme (as with the others that will follow), Haruhi (most often called due to the long title) is about a “queer” girl, Haruhi, who turns out to be a god that can control the world, though she is unaware of it. A clearer plot summary from wikipedia says:

The Melancholy of Haruhi Suzumiya follows the high school life of Haruhi Suzumiya, a young and very active high school girl, and those who are caught up in her antics. While Haruhi is the central character to the plot, the story is told from the point of view of Kyon, one of Haruhi’s classmates.

Kyon is an ordinary first year high school student who has recently given up his fantasies of espers, time travelers, and aliens as he left middle school.[9] When he chooses to speak to Haruhi, he unwittingly sets off a chain of events which drag him into surreal situations; he is drawn further into a world eerily like the fantasies he had just managed to outgrow, with Haruhi at its center.

Searching for a group that interests her, Haruhi joins and quits every club in the school, finding only dissatisfaction.[10] Kyon makes a snide remark about her actions and accidentally provides Haruhi the inspiration to create a club of her own. To help start the club, Haruhi forcefully drafts Kyon, who only stays in the club to protect other helpless victims of Haruhi’s “voluntary arrests”. As the story progresses, Kyon finds that each of these supposedly “helpless victims” has a specific reason to be there.[11]

The first of these new members is Yuki Nagato, a silent bibliophile who usually wants to simply be left alone to read. Without Haruhi knowing, Yuki is in fact a “humanoid interface,” or an artificial human, created by the extraterrestrial Integrated Data Entity.[11] The next member is the shy and timid Mikuru Asahina, who is one year above Haruhi; she is actually a time traveler.[11] The final member of the SOS Brigade is Itsuki Koizumi, who is almost always smiling and more than willing to give in to Haruhi’s strange demands. He turns out to be one of many espers in an organization known as the Agency.[11]

Except for Kyon, the members of the club are secret agents of various organizations who are sent to observe Haruhi. They gradually explain that Haruhi has superhuman control over every aspect of the universe—an ability which she is unaware of. Whenever Haruhi becomes bored or otherwise dissatisfied with reality, she subconsciously creates a new universe—one more to her liking—and attempts to switch over, thus leading to the destruction of the current universe. In order to prevent this, the members of Haruhi’s club spend their time attempting to keep their god-like leader entertained, hold her powers in check, and maintain the illusion of a normal life.

The series never clarifies whether the club members gathered around Haruhi by their own free will, her subconscious, or were simply created out of thin air for Haruhi’s amusement. The question of their origin is a motif seen throughout the series.

There you have it.

What’s unique in this anime though (as differentiated from the others that will follow) is that the anime is broadcast at random: though the episodes are labeled chronologically per se, the plot (if you follow the anime according to the aforementioned labeling) is at random. Nevertheless, for those who want to watch it in REAL chronological order (though watching it in its default “chronological” order is fun), here is the correct order:2, 3, 4, 5, 6, 7, 8, 9, 10, 11, 1, 12, 13, 14.

We all know well the saying, “the more you hate, the more you love.” Though the anime itself does no explicitly express (so far) the relationship between Haruhi and Kyon, you will get a grip of it when watching the series.

2. Kanon
Author: Petit Morishima (manga), Mariko Shimizu (light novel)
Completed: Yes
No. of Episodes: 13

Since I’m admittedly bad on summarizing plots, here is a snippet from Wikipedia:

Kanons story revolves around a group of five girls whose lives are connected to the same boy. Yuichi Aizawa is a second-year high school student who had visited the city where the story takes place seven years prior to Kanon’s beginning. The story opens on Wednesday January 6, 1999 when Yuichi arrives in the city and is very detached from the it and its inhabitants. Prior to his return, it is decided that he is to stay with his first cousin, Nayuki Minase, and her mother, Akiko. After his long absence, Yuichi has forgotten almost everything except minor details of what happened seven years before and is in need of being reminded of what he left behind. Nayuki initially tries repeatedly to jog his memory, but is unsuccessful. Throughout the story, as he learns about the supernatural undertonesof the city, Yuichi is reminded of the events of seven years ago in the city.

On the day after Yuichi’s return,he is out with Nayuki who is showing him around city. Nayuki remembers that she has to buy things for dinner, but Yuichi is reluctant to go into the store with her, arguing that he might get lost. Moments after Nayuki leaves him waiting on the sidewalk, a strange girl named Ayu Tsukimiya barges into him with little warning. Upon recovering, she drags him away to a nearby café and confesses to inadvertently stealing a bag filled with taiyakiafter being accidentally scared away by the salesman before she had a chance to pay. Yuichi drags Ayu back to the salesman, where they both apologize for the trouble, and Ayu is forgiven. They decide to meet up again another day and Ayu scampers off. A few days after he has been in the city, Yuichi is accosted by a girl named Makoto Sawatari who has lost her memories, though still remembers that she has a grudge against him from when he last visited the city. After she collapses in the street, he takes her home and learns about her situation. Akiko gives her permission to live with them for the time being, which is against Yuichi’s plan to hand her over to the police.

Another girl who is connected to Yuichi’s past is Mai Kawasumi whoattends his high school as a third-year. She takes it upon herself to fight and defeat demons at night while the school is deserted.[7][11] Due to this, she is constantly blamed for accidents because she never denies them, being too sincere to say anything and knowing that no one will believe that there are demons in the school. Yuichi coincidentally meets a fifth girl named Shiori Misaka for the first time who he gets to know along with the other four heroines in the story. She has suffered from an unexplained affliction since birth which makes her weak to the point of missing school because of it. Yuichi startsto talk with her more after noticing her in the school courtyard one day. It turn out that Shiori stands outside on the school grounds nearly every day because she wants to meet someone dear to her.

This is a really good anime, and I swear it’s touching. The anime’s opening (song and video) is somewhat queer though: it can make you sleepy and/or say “Enough already!” This is, like Fate/Stay Night, is also based on a visual novel of the same name. Oh yeah, it is also classified as a harem anime, so be forewarned.

3. Clannad
Author: Jun Maeda, YūichiSuzumoto, Kai, and Tōya Okano (light novel)
Completed: Yes

No. of Episodes: Season 1 – 24: 1-22 series, 23 extra episode, 24 OVA
From onemanga:

Clannad is set in a high-school located in a Japanese town. Tomoya Okazaki is a third-year student who doesn’t take his studies seriously. Always late for class, he’s seen as a delinquent by the rest of his classmates who are busy preparing for their entrance examinations. Needless to say, he doesn’t have too many close friends either.

Tomoya seems not to mind too–until he meets a few other girls from his school. Though he doesn’t care much about them at first, he soon opens his heart to them as they get to know each other better.

Clannad is a romantic youth drama that’s likely to be more down-to-earth than Key’s other works. But like Kanon and Air, Clannad’s story is expected to be another touching and heart-breaking weeper.

Based off the game of the same name.

This is also a very good anime series, and is similar to Kanon. Like Kanon, it can also be said as a harem type of anime. It is also very touching, and feature a virtual world as a counterpart to Kanon’s frequent flashbacks.

There is also a sequel to this anime. Entitled Clannad After Story, it has 7 episodes at the time of writing.

Moving on…

4. Itazura na Kiss
Author: Kaoru Tada (manga)
Completed: Yes
No. of Episodes: 25

From onemanga:

High school senior AiharaKotoko has had a crush on Irie Naoki since freshman year. But she’s been discouraged from confessing to him by a few things: he’s a member of “Class A,” the top ranking class in school, whereas she’s in “Class F”; he gets the top score on every exam; and he’s so smart, popular, and handsome that he’s been class president every year. When Kotoki finally musters up the courage to present him with a love letter, though, Naoki outright refuses it, telling her point blank–with a look of disgust and boredom–that he doesn’t like “stupid girls.” Poor Kotoko’s worst nightmare! Her heart is broken, but then a change in circumstance forces Naoki and Kotoko to be together every day…!?

NOTE: The series stops at volume 23 due to the mangaka passing away.

Another typical story of “the more you hate, the more you love” scenario. It is really good, especially the opening song entitled Kimi, Meguru, Boku.

May the author rest in peace.

5. Lovely Complex
Author: Aya Nakahara (manga)
Completed: Yes
No. of Episodes: 24

Wikipedia summarizes the story as:

Lovely Complex is a love story between a boy and a girl. The girl, Risa Koizumi, is 172 cm (5′ 7″) tall—much taller than the average Japanese girl. The boy, Atsushi Otani, is 156 cm (5’1 and a half”) —way below the height of the average Japanese boy. Because of this, they are called the “All Hanshin Kyojin” after a popular comedy duo that has a similar height difference.

During summer school, a very tall student (from another class) shows up and Risa immediately falls for him, as she has had bad luck with boys in the past because she is tall. There is a girl that Atsushi likes as well, so Risa and Atsushi decide to put aside their differences and help each other get their love interests. But as they get to know each other better, Risa’s feelings for Atsushi begin to blossom, and her love life gets complicated from there.

It also comments on it:

One notable fact about Lovely Complex is that instead of speaking standard Japanese, almost all characters speak in Kansai-ben (the story takes place in Osaka). While having one or two characters speaking Kansai-ben is common in many anime shows, having all characters doing so is unusual.

I learnt of this anime when I was in Yakal dormitory. My friend recommended it to me, and like HellGirl, I instantly liked it.

The anime points out that height is not a hindrance in finding your true love. Also, it has a very good opening song: Kimi + Boku = LOVE? (Literally means You + Me = LOVE?)

There you have it: another round of anime series to kill your time. And also to be entertained.

Enjoy watching, and, more importantly, enjoy your free time!

P.S. I don’t really care if the anime is old or not; what I care about is if it suits my taste, and, more importantly, if I can relate to it.

Updates: Gundam 00 is now on its episode 7, season 2. Clannad After Story, as I said earlier, is at episode 7. season 2.

1 Puna

Filed under Archives, Multiply, Uncategorized

Articles You May Want To Read X

Posted on Multiply Jan. 24, 2009, 9:49 AM

The tenth release. 🙂

1. Somali Pirates Plundering Trade Ships, Stealing Video Games
http://www.pcworld.com/article/15391…l?tk=nl_dnxnws
2. How to avoid a Linux-migration disaster
http://resources.zdnet.co.uk/article…9549424,00.htm
3. Giving Thanks to Linux and Open Source
http://www.linux-mag.com/id/7180/
4. REVIEW: TRANSMISSION v1.40 – The uTorrent of Linux?
http://openbytes.wordpress.com/2008/…rent-of-linux/
5. Worm Risk Spurs Critical Microsoft Patch
http://www.pcworld.com/article/15376…l?tk=nl_dnxnws
6. 5 Reasons I Hope Classmates.com Gets Sued Into Oblivion  http://www.pcworld.com/article/15376…l?tk=nl_dnxnws
7. First look: Windows 7 takes on Apple and IT needs
http://www.infoworld.com/article/08/…ml?source=fssr
8. 15 Hot New Technologies That Will Change Everything          http://www.pcworld.com/article/15268…l?tk=nl_wbxnws
9. Linux Vs. Windows: The Long Debate
http://reviewactive.com/computer/lin…e-long-debate/
10. Google Shares Drop Below $300 for First Time in Three Years
http://www.pcworld.com/businesscente…l?tk=nl_bdxnws
11. Facebook Hit by Nigerian Scam
http://www.pcworld.com/businesscente…l?tk=nl_bdxnws
12. Popular RSS Reader Bloglines Suffers Outage
http://www.pcworld.com/article/15385…l?tk=nl_dnxnws
13. Ex-Con Returns to Jail for Hacking Prison Computers
http://www.pcworld.com/businesscente…l?tk=nl_bdxnws
14. Can One Lawsuit Kill Behavioral Ads?
http://www.pcworld.com/article/15387…l?tk=nl_dnxnws
15. The Best and Worst Movies About the Internet                  http://www.pcworld.com/article/15336…l?tk=nl_dnxnws
16. Mobile ARM reaches out to popular Ubuntu
http://www.hindu.com/2008/11/16/stor…1656681100.htm
17. Internet Caf\u00e9 Invaded by Linux Desktop
http://www.junauza.com/2008/11/inter…x-desktop.html
18. Computer upgrade Utopia – Linux Ubuntu upgrade to 8.10
http://www.watkissonline.co.uk/wordpress/?p=763
19. PDF Malware Hits Acrobat Reader Flaw
http://www.pcworld.com/businesscente…l?tk=nl_bdxnws
20. Ancient IBM Drive Rescues Apollo Moon Data
http://www.pcworld.com/businesscente…l?tk=nl_bdxnws
21. Denial-of-Service Attacks Intensify
http://www.pcworld.com/businesscente…l?tk=nl_bdxnws
22. A Sneaky Security Problem, Ignored by the Bad Guys
http://www.pcworld.com/businesscente…l?tk=nl_bdxnws
23. Microsoft’s Plan to Harm GNU/Linux and ODF via the Web          http://boycottnovell.com/2008/11/15/…f-via-the-web/
24. Adobe answers cries for 64-bit Flash on Linux                          http://www.download.com/8301-2007_4-10097931-12.html
25. Linux boots in 2.97 seconds
http://www.linuxdevices.com/news/NS5185504436.html
26. Dell’s Linux Ads: Microsoft’s Nightmare Before Christmas?
http://www.thevarguy.com/2008/11/17/…-linux-laptop/
27. Fake Unix and Linux Advisory – The /dev/null Vulnerability            http://linuxshellaccount.blogspot.co…y-devnull.html
28. Now Supporting 16 Exabytes                                                   http://blogs.adobe.com/penguin.swf/2…_exabytes.html
29. Firefox 2 support to be cut off                                                   http://news.zdnet.co.uk/software/0,1…9554855,00.htm
30. AMD Jumps Into the Netbook Fray
http://www.pcworld.com/businesscente…l?tk=nl_bnxnws

Old News:
31. Shouldn’t Obama use Linux, and not a Mac?
http://www.linux-foundation.org/webl…and-not-a-mac/
32. No Microsoft!
http://linuxlatitude.blogspot.com/20…microsoft.html
33. What is a Netbook computer?
http://news.cnet.com/what-is-a-netbook-computer/
34. Opinion: High-performance nonsense
http://www.computerworld.com/action/…intsrc=kc_feat
35. Firefox Add-on Blocks ‘Clickjacking’ Attacks
http://www.pcworld.com/businesscente…l?tk=nl_bdxnws
36. Accused Palin Hacker Has a History of Intrusion
http://www.pcworld.com/businesscente…l?tk=nl_bdxnws
37. YouTube Takes a Page From xkcd
http://www.pcworld.com/businesscente…l?tk=nl_bdxnws
38. Obscenity Charges Raise Questions in Internet Age
http://www.pcworld.com/businesscente…l?tk=nl_bdxnws
39. Romanian Pleads Guilty to Phishing-related Charges
http://www.pcworld.com/businesscente…l?tk=nl_bdxnws
40. Open Source and the Financial Meltdown
http://ostatic.com/173663-blog/open-…ncial-meltdown
41. Are You an Innovation Sucker or Winner?
http://www.pcworld.com/businesscente…l?tk=nl_bdxnws
42 Boycott Novel
http://boycottnovell.com/
43. 8 Great Alternative Desktop Managers For Linux                       http://www.makeuseof.com/tag/8-great…ers-for-linux/
44. Meet Tech’s Product Name Guru
http://www.pcworld.com/businesscente…l?tk=nl_bdxnws
45. One Million UK Kids Make Illicit Online Purchases
http://www.pcworld.com/article/15384…l?tk=nl_dnxnws
46. University of Florida Discloses Data Breach
http://www.pcworld.com/businesscente…l?tk=nl_bdxnws
47. Why Microsoft Should Stop Charging for Xbox Live
http://www.pcworld.com/article/15372…l?tk=nl_dnxnws
48. Botnets Scramble for New Host                                         http://www.pcworld.com/businesscente…l?tk=nl_bdxnws
49. The extremely vocal desktop Linux tinority
http://www.itwire.com/content/view/21739/1023/
50. Sneaky Fees: 7 New Ways You’re Paying More
http://www.pcworld.com/article/15282…l?tk=nl_wbxnws
51. What’s up with Linux (and Mac) Flash performance?
http://www.roytanck.com/2008/11/18/w…h-performance/
52. 64-Bit Linux Adobe Flash Player: Surprisingly good                   http://blogs.computerworld.com/64_bi…prisingly_good
53. Linux Guru Reiser Seeks New Murder Trial
http://blog.wired.com/27bstroke6/200…guru-reis.html
54. http://blog.wired.com/27bstroke6/200…guru-reis.html
http://royal.pingdom.com/2008/11/19/…mepage-uptime/
55. Linux: Should You Use Twice the Amount of Ram as Swap Space?
http://www.cyberciti.biz/tips/linux-swap-space.html
56. XpGnome – Make Linux Look like Windows XP                        http://ubuntu.online02.com/node/14
Old News:
57. Sun Reorganizes, Cuts up to 18 Percent of Workforce
http://www.pcworld.com/businesscente…l?tk=nl_bdxnws
58. ‘Moonlight’ heads to beta
http://news.cnet.com/8301-10805_3-10101687-75.html
59. Vista Fights for Relevancy Against Poor Sales, XP, Windows 7
http://www.pcworld.com/businesscente…l?tk=nl_bdxnws
60. Colombia Signs up for OLPC Laptops With Windows
http://www.pcworld.com/article/15365…l?tk=nl_dnxnws
61. Why Steve Jobs Should Run General Motors
http://www.pcworld.com/businesscente…l?tk=nl_bdxnws
62. AMD Bails Out IT
http://www.pcworld.com/businesscente…l?tk=nl_bdxnws
63. Browsing Tips and Tools From Hassle-Free PC                               http://www.pcworld.com/article/15392…l?tk=nl_sbxhow
64. Bugs & Fixes: IPhone Connect Errors, Audiobook Crashes
http://www.pcworld.com/article/15350…l?tk=nl_inxnws
65. Are You Wasting Your Money Buying Antispyware Software?
http://www.pcworld.com/article/14021…l?tk=nl_spxblg
66. Microsoft Drops OneCare Antivirus Product
http://www.pcworld.com/businesscente…l?tk=nl_bdxnws
67. How Much Does Spam Cost You? Google Will Calculate                  http://www.pcworld.com/businesscente…l?tk=nl_bdxnws
68. Researchers Find Vulnerability in Windows Vista
http://www.pcworld.com/businesscente…l?tk=nl_bdxnws
69. Elven Legacy: Colorful, Nonlinear, and Surprisingly Turn-Based
http://www.pcworld.com/article/15423…l?tk=nl_dnxnws
70. Teenager Pleads Guilty to Botnet, ‘swatting’ Charges
http://www.pcworld.com/businesscente…l?tk=nl_bdxnws
71. Legacy Systems Won’t Last Forever
http://www.pcworld.com/businesscente…l?tk=nl_bdxnws
72. Apple Wins Antitrust Fight With Psystar
http://www.pcworld.com/businesscente…l?tk=nl_bdxnws
73. IBM Tries to Bring Brain Power to Computers
http://www.pcworld.com/businesscente…l?tk=nl_bdxnws
74. Google to Shut Down Lively Virtual World
http://www.pcworld.com/businesscente…l?tk=nl_bdxnws
75. Ruby Hailed as Good Option in Down Economy
http://www.pcworld.com/businesscente…l?tk=nl_bdxnws
76. Microsoft Offers Free Songs to Zune Subscribers
http://www.pcworld.com/article/15423…l?tk=nl_dnxnws
77. Major League Baseball Switches From Silverlight to Flash
http://www.pcworld.com/businesscente…l?tk=nl_bdxnws
78. Pro baseball Web video woes continue
http://www.networkworld.com/news/200…ideo-woes.html
79. GCC hacks in the Linux kernel                                            http://www.ibm.com/developerworks/li…cks/index.html
80. Crazy Steve and Microsoft’s Garage Sale
http://www.fool.com/investing/value/…rage-sale.aspx
81. Google Deal Produces 91% of Mozilla’s Revenue
http://www.pcworld.com/article/15419…l?tk=nl_dnxnws
82. About fstab and Its Corruption Results in Linux
http://www.americanchronicle.com/articles/82183
83. Linux is a kernel, Now STFU
http://www.linuxhaxor.net/2008/11/21…rnel-now-stfu/
84. Editor’s Note: Linux Should Copy Amiga
http://www.linuxtoday.com/news_story…1-21-035-35-PS
85. Amiga – the little computer that could                                    http://dvxuser.com/V6/showthread.php?t=52485
86. IBM buys code-converter firm in Linux move
http://www.electronicsweekly.com/Art…linux-move.htm
87. Reliable Linux netbooks for Black Friday
http://blogs.computerworld.com/reliable_Linux_netbooks
88. Giving Up on Gadgets
http://www.pcworld.com/article/15399…l?tk=nl_dgxnws
89. Top 11 Lamest Blogs                                                            http://www.pcworld.com/article/15361…l?tk=nl_bexsld
90. A Decade of Internet Superstars: Where Are They Now?
http://www.pcworld.com/article/15180…_they_now.html
91. Customize Microsoft Word 2007 for Maximum Efficiency         http://www.pcworld.com/article/15404…l?tk=nl_bexhow
92. Three Quick Ways to Improve Laptop Battery Life
http://www.pcworld.com/article/15399…l?tk=nl_bexblg
93. Why Sun Should Spin Off Java
http://www.pcworld.com/businesscente…l?tk=nl_bdxnws
94. Enough Already Apple: Bring Flash to the iPhone
http://www.pcworld.com/article/15409…l?tk=nl_bexblg
95. Google SearchWiki Addition Fails to Wow
http://www.pcworld.com/article/15431…l?tk=nl_dnxnws
96. Teeworlds – multiplayer game for Linux and Windows
http://icehot.wordpress.com/2008/11/…x-and-windows/
97.(Linux is Not Windows)                                                          http://linux.oneandoneis2.org/LNW.htm

“Ever meet a coder who used MS Word?”

98. Which Linux?
http://linuxlatitude.blogspot.com/20…ich-linux.html
99. The Biggest Flaw in Gnome UI
http://tech.shantanugoel.com/2008/07…-gnome-ui.html
100. Rescue CD’s
http://linuxlatitude.blogspot.com/20…escue-cds.html
101. The joy of X – master the Linux GUI
http://www.itwire.com/content/view/21102/1141/1/0/
102. Apple Adds Anti-Fraud Safeguard to Safari
http://www.pcworld.com/businesscente…l?tk=nl_bdxnws

There you have it: 102 articles to read! (look out for the “Note: Articles You May Want To Read IX was moved here.

Mag-iwan ng puna

Filed under Archives, Multiply, Uncategorized

Special Keys

Posted on Multiply Jan. 13, 2009, 10:52 PM

Keys:
F1 to F12 – Function keys. They perform different functions according to the environment in which they are invoked. In general, the following holds true (specifically, for the Windows operating system; some keys may do different functions in different operating systems):

F1 – Help. When pressed, this key invokes a help file of the operating system or the application’s own help file (if there is).
F2 – Renames a file
F3 – When focus is on the desktop or the Windows File Explorer, causes the search dialog to be invoked (which lets you search for files stored on your computer or in the network to which your computer is connected).
F4 – In Windows File Explorer, displays the pop-down list of the address bar. When combined with ALT, causes the closure of the program in which it was invoked. When pressed while focus is on the desktop, ALT+F4 causes the operating system to display a window asking the user if he/she wants to shut down the computer, put it into standby (or sleep in Vista) mode or restart the computer. Of course, your mileage may vary; e.g. in Linux Mint, this summons a window asking the user if he/she wants to shut down the computer, restart it, put it into sleep or hibernate mode, or lock the screen.
F5 – If focus is on the desktop, it causes the desktop to refresh. If focus is on applications, the action may vary. E.g., F5, when pressed in MS Powerpoint, causes the powerpoint to be viewed in a slide show tarting from the very first slide. Pressing SHIFT+F5 in the same application, meanwhile, causes the powerpoint to be presented in a slide show with the present slide being edited as being shown. Meanwhile, when pressed on an internet browser such as Firefox, causes the current page to be reloaded.
F6 – When focus is on an open Windows File Explorer window, emulates the TAB key and causes the appearance of a dotted(?) box which highlights links. Subsequent presses causes forward traversal among the links.
F7 – When focus is on the Firefox browser, causes the appearance of a dialog box asking the user if he/she wants to activate caret browsing.
F8 – When booting up, pressing F8 just before the operating system causes the computer to show which operating systems are installed (in case of dual-boot or multiboot computers) or other options valid for the specific operating system installed (in case of computers with a single operating system installed). This may vary in other applications.
F9 – Causes the first element listed in Windows File Explorer to be selected.
F10 – Emulates the ALT button in Windows File Explorer and causes the menus to be highlighted. Pressing the arrow keys after this key is pressed enables the user to traverse through these menus with the keyboard.
F11 – Causes applications (in general) to be displayed in full screen.
F12 – In some word processors, causes the file written to be saved in another name (in effect, another file)

Other Special Keys:
CTRL – when pressed on its own, if “Show cursor when CTRL is pressed” or something similar is activated (in the User Preferences), causes circumcentric circles to appear where the cursor is. In combination with other keys, it does things which depends on the application where the key combinations are pressed. For example, it causes a CLI-based application to terminate when it is combined with C or Z. When the combination CTRL+ALT+DEL is pressed, it may cause the Windows Task Manager to appear or a dialog box containing the same elements shown when ALT+F4 is pressed. Other combinations are possible: in Firefox, pressing CTRL+W causes the current tab to be closed, CTRL+T to open a new tab, CTRL+R to reload the current page (similar to when F5 is pressed on a web browser).
ALT – In its own, enables the user to traverse through menus of an application. In combination in other keys, causes different actions depending on which application the key combination was invoked: pressing ALT+F4 in an open window closes the window; pressing ALT+F4 on the desktop causes a dialog box to appear (see F4 or CTRL entry); pressing ALT+TAB enables the user to switch through open windows forward (pressing SHIFT+ALT+TAB enables the user to switch through open windows backwards).
DEL – In its own, causes a selected to be put into Trash or deleted permanently (depending on the settings) in Windows File Explorer; on a text processor, causes the file after the cursor to be deleted. In combination with other keys, causes other things depending on which environment or application the key combination was invoked: for example, pressing CTRL+ALT+DEL in the desktop summons a dialog box (see F4 and CTRL); in an internet browser, causes the browser to ask the user through a dialog box if he/she wants to clear the browser’s cache, delete stored passwords, and other options.
ESC – Can cause an application to exit or stop execution (depending on which application). Causes common dialog boxes to exit. When ALT has been pressed, ESC causes the function executed by ALT to exit and return control to the application to which ALT was pressed. When pressed in combination with CTRL, it displays the Start Menu items as if the user had clicked the Start button in Windows systems, or it may cause the System Monitor (equivalent to the Windows Task Manager) to pop up in KDE-based Linux distributions.
TAB KEY – In Windows File Explorer or desktop, subsequent presses enable the user to navigate through files (and the taskbar and iconified windows if focus is on the desktop). In text processors, causes the tab character (defined as ‘\t’ in programming) to be inserted, moving the block of text to the right of the cursor n spaces (n depends on the settings). In combination with other keys, performs other tasks: ALT+TAB displays open windows (how they are displayed depends on the operating system) (see ALT), CTRL+TAB traverses open tabs in internet browsers like Firefox and Opera (CTRL+SHIFT+TAB does this backwards).
SHIFT KEY – In text processors and applications that uses user actions as input, causes the following to happen:
a. if a character is pressed, its uppercase version is displayed if CAPS LOCK key is not pressed; else it returns the upper case of the upper case letter, i.e. it returns the lower case of the letter being pressed.
b. if numbers and symbols are pressed in combination with this key, it displays the symbol above the key printed in the keyboard, i.e. pressing SHIFT+5 displays the percent key. This also depends on the key layout; i.e. since Dvorak keyboards have different layout compared to QWERTY keyboards, it prints a different character.
c. if this key is pressed in combination with special keys like the function keys, it performs the associated action. For example, pressing SHIFT+F5 in MS Powerpoint causes the slides to be presented in a slide show, the current slide being edited as the current slide (see F5).
Note: pressing SHIFT five times anywhere causes Windows to ask you if you want to activate Sticky Keys.
BACKSPACE KEY – In text processors, pressing this key causes the character to the left of the cursor to be deleted. In other programs, it performs other functions in combination with other keys. For instance, pressing SHIFT+DEL when a file is selected asks the user if he/she wants the file to be permanently deleted.
CAPS LOCK KEY – when this key is pressed, it causes they keyboard to be fixed in a mode in which all alphabetic characters to be inputted returns its uppercase value. When SHIFT key is pressed while this key is enabled, the key pressed will return a lowercase character if it is an alphabetic character and the character printed above the key in the keyboard if numbers and symbols are pressed.
SCROLL LOCK KEY – one of the ‘useless’ keys. According to Wikipedia, “In the original design, scroll lock was intended to modify the behavior of the arrow keys. When the scroll lock mode was on, the arrow keys would scroll the contents of a text window instead of moving the cursor. In this usage, scroll lock is a modifier key like Alt and Shift (which modify the function of other keys) and, more specifically, a toggling lock key like Num Lock or Caps Lock, which have a state that persists after the key is released.”
HOME – brings the cursor to the beginning of the current line in text processors. Brings the cursor to the beginning of the document if CTRL+HOME is pressed.

For clarification about shortcut keys, they can be user-set or set by default by the program (this statement is very applicable to games). As examples, here are my mostly-used shortcut keys:

General Usage:
CTRL+ALT+DEL – brings up the Windows Task Manager in order for me to kill the misbehaving application, show RAM and CPU usage, etc.
ALT+F4 – closes the focused instance of an application to close.
CTRL+ESC – emulates the user clicking the Start Menu button.
SHIFT+DEL – enables me to delete files permanently (curse the Trash)
ALT+TAB – switches through open windows.
F1 – opens an application’s help file (if there is any)
F2 – renames the currently selected file
CTRL+A – Select all text or select all files
CTRL+ALT+D – Iconifies all open windows and shows the desktop (in Linux Mint)
F5 – Refreshes the desktop

In Internet browsing:
CTRL+TAB – opens a new tab
CTRL+ESC – traverses through open tabs
CTRL+W – closes the current tab
CTRL+Q – closes the browser
CTRL+L or F6 – brings focus to the address bar in order for me to type a new web address
CTRL+ENTER –  if a string is typed into the browser’s address bar, say google, pressing this after causes the strings “http://www.” and “.com” to be prepended and appended respectively to the typed string. If you want .org to be inputted instead of .com, press CTRL+SHIFT+ENTER; for .net, press SHIFT+ENTER.
F5 – Refreshes the current page
F7 – Turns on/off caret browsing

In text processors (or command line interface):
HOME – brings the cursor to the beginning of the current line. Combine with CTRL, and it brings the cursor to the beginning of the document. (Counterparts: END and CTRL+END)
CTRL+S – Saves the file
CTRL+SHIFT+S – Saves the file in a different name (note: not all processors support this, e.g. MS Word)
CTRL+O – Open new file
TAB, CAPS LOCK KEY, SHIFT KEY, BACKSPACE KEY, DEL, ESC, ALT
F12 – another shortcut for CTRL+SHIFT+S

In GCC (GNU C Compiler)
F9 – Compile program
CTRL+F9 – Save, compile, and run program
*Shortcut keys used on text processors

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jocomo

jocomo wrote on Jan 13
_ _ _ _ _, happy new year!

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